The Statistical Abstract of the United States, published by the government from 1878 until the 2012 edition, is the authoritative and comprehensive summary of statistics on the social, political, and economic organization of the United States.
This includes: PHC-1. Summary Population and Housing Characteristics; PHC-2. Summary Social, Economic, and Housing Characteristics; PHC-3. Population and Housing Unit Counts; PHC-4. Social, Economic, and Housing Characteristics-Island Areas