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Citation Guide: Multimedia

A guide to citing your sources

Other Common Sources

This page cover items not covered in other sections and are of varied formats.

OWL at Purdue for citing other common sources.

Recorded Music p.195

List sound recordings in such a way that they can easily be found by readers. Generally, citations begin with the artist name. They might also be listed by composers (comp.) or performers (perf.). Otherwise, list composer and performer information after the album title.

Put individual song titles in quotation marks. Album names are italicized. Provide the name of the recording manufacturer followed by the publication date (or n.d., if date is unknown). List the appropriate medium at the end of the entry (e.g. CD, LP, Audiocassette, MP3).

Bernstein, Leonard. "Maria." West Side Story: The Original Score. Naxos American Classics, 2005: WVDeli. OverDrive Media.

Fitzgerald, Ella, and Louis Armstrong. "A Foggy Day in London Town." Jazz Legends. MasterTone Multimedia, 1998. CD.

Summer, Donna. "She Works Hard for the Money." Grammy's Greatest Moments: Volume I. Atlantic, 1994. CD.

Recorded Films or Movies p.197

List films by their title. Include the name of the director, the distributor, and the release year. If relevant, list performer names after the director’s name. Use the abbreviation perf. to head the list. End the entry with the appropriate medium of publication (e.g. DVD, VHS, Laser disc).

Legends of the Fall. Dir. Edward Zwick. Perf. Brad Pitt, Anthony Hopkins, Aidan Quinn. TriStar Pictures. 2000. DVD.

Troy. Dir. Wolfgang Petersen. Perf. Brad Pitt, Eric Bana, Orlando Bloom. Warner Bros. 2004. DVD.

Images p.189


"Achaemenid Gold Daric, first minted under Darius I, 5th century BC (Jerusalem, Israel Museum); photo credit: Erich
   Lessing/Art Resource, NY." Grove Art Online. Web. 10 Oct. 2009 <>.

Adams, Ansel, Mt. Moran, Teton National Park. 79-AAG-5. n.d. Records of the National Park Service: Ansel Adams
. 10 Sept. 2009. <>.

Adams, Ansel, Winter Storm. 1944. Minneapolis Institute of Art. ArtStor. Web. 9 Oct. 2009.

"Auguste Rodin: Age of Bronze, bronze, h. 1.80 m, 1876– (Paris, Musée d’Orsay); Photo credit: Erich Lessing/Art Resource,
   NY." n.d. Grove Art Online. Web. 10 Oct. 2009. <


Adams, Ansel, Burro Mesa and the Chisos Mountains, Big Bend National Park, Texas, 1942. Ansel Adams Publishing Rights
   Trust. The Grand Canyon and the Southwest / Ansel Adams. Ed. Andrea G. Stillman. Boston: Little, Brown, 2000. 51. Print.

Gehman, Raymond, St. Mary Lake, Glacier N. P.. Chadwick, Douglas H., Yellowstone to Yukon. Washington, D.C.: National
   Geographic Soc., 2000. 78-79. Print.

Cezanne, Paul, Self-portrait. 1880. Pushkin Museum of Fine Arts, Moscow. Lallemand, Henri, Cezanne: Visions of a Great
New York: Smithmark, 1994. 90. Print. 

Television or Radio Broadcasts p.193

"Baby Boomers Begin to Claim Social Security." Morning Edition. National Public Radio. 2008. Opposing Viewpoints Resource
. Gale. Web. 9 Oct. 2009.

Rather, Dan and Jim Axelrod. "Airports Seek Security Extension." CBS Evening News with Dan Rather. n.d.: Points of View
   Reference Center
. EBSCO. Web. 9 Oct. 2009.

Melissa, Block, "National Security Immunity Sought for Phone Firms." All Things Considered National Public Radio. (n.d.):
   Points of View Reference Center. EBSCO. Web. 9 Oct. 2009.

"Watergate: Senate Hearings - 1973." (n.d.): Video Encyclopedia of the 20th Century. EBSCO. Web. 9 Oct. 2009.

Interviews-Online p.201

"Interview: Myles Brand Discusses How to Emphasize Academics for Student-Athletes.(3:00-4:00 PM)(Broadcast transcript)."
    Talk of the Nation (NPR), 2003: Opposing Viewpoints Resource Center. Gale. Web. 9 Oct. 2009

Adams, Noah. "Interview: Dr. Stephen Press Discussing Drug Testing of Chess Players." All Things Considered (NPR),
   (n.d.): Points of View Reference Center. EBSCO. Web. 9 Oct. 2009. 

* Note: Hanging indents

All MLA citations should be formatted with the first line of an entry flush left and successive lines indented 1/2 ". Use a hanging indent. Do not go by the spacing in the examples we're providing in this guide, as your screen's display format may be different.

If you are using Word follow the steps below. You can select options on the Indents and Spacing tab.

  1. On the Page Layout tab, click the Paragraph Dialog Box Launcher, and then click the Indents and Spacing tab.
  2. In the Special list under Indentation, click Hanging, and then in the By box, set the amount of space that you want for the hanging indent. (0.5" = 1/2 inch)